is a Primary Source?
A Primary Source is an original source created at a specific time
of interest, it is original research, opinion, or documentation.
What is a Secondary Source?
A Secondary Source is written about a primary source. It is interpretation,
discussion, or opinion about an original source.
Examples of Primary and Secondary Sources
Florence Thompson with two of her children as part of the
"Migrant Mother" series by Dorothea Lange
Gordon, Linda. Dorothea Lange: The Photographer as Agricultural
The Journal of American History, Vol. 93, No. 3 (Dec., 2006), pp. 698-727
Hurt, R. Douglas. The Dust Bowl: An Agricultural and
Social History. Chicago: Nelson-Hall 1981.
|Martin Luther King Jr.'s speech, "I Have a Dream."
||Alvarea, Alexander. Martin Luther King's
"I Have a Dream": The Speech Event as Metaphor
. Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Mar., 1988), pp.
|Coldplay's Album "Viva La Vida
||Hermes, Will. Vive La Difference!.
Rolling Stone, June 26, 2008. Issue 1055, p73-74.
|Kleinfield, N. R., "U.S. Attacked; Hijacked Jets Destroy
Twin Towers and hit Pentagon in Day or Terror" New York
Times. September 12, 2001
||Greene, Jacqueline Dember, The 2001 World
Trade Center Attack. Bearport Publishing, 2007.
|Ruhama Baptist Church Records
||Bee, Fanna K. Bee, and Lee N. Allen. Sesquicentennial
History: Ruhama Baptist Church 1819 - 1969. Birmingham:
Oxmoor Press, 1969.
Other Examples of Primary Resources
- Census Records
- City Directories
- Oral Histories
- Research Studies
Finding Primary Sources on the Web